Spiking Neural Networks and Synaptics

What is neural network?
Distributed synaptic modification in neural networks induced by patterned What is a neural network and how does its operation differ from that of a digital computer? (In other words, is the brain like a computer? )
Mohamad Hassoun, author of Fundamentals of Artificial Neural Networks (MIT Press, 1995) and a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Wayne State University, adapts an introductory section from his book in response.
Artificial neural networks are parallel computational models, comprising densely interconnected adaptive processing units. These networks are composed of many but simple processors (relative, say, to a PC, which generally has a single, powerful processor) acting in parallel to model nonlinear static or dynamic systems, where a complex relationship exists between an input and its corresponding output.
A very important feature of these networks is their adaptive nature, in which "learning by example" replaces "programming" in solving problems. Here, "learning" refers to the automatic adjustment of the system's parameters so that the system can generate the correct output for a given input; this adaptation process is reminiscent of the way learning occurs in the brain via changes in the synaptic efficacies of neurons. This feature makes these models very appealing in application domains where one

Source: frontiers in neurosciences

Nova Science Publishers Artificial Neural Network Training and Software Implementation Techniques (Computer Networks)
Book (Nova Science Publishers)

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In case you were wondering...

2004-09-24 11:14:21 by Village_Idiot

"During Clinton's first year in office, U.S. arms sales more than doubled. From 1993 to 1997, the U.S. government sold, approved, or gave away $190 billion in weapons to virtually every nation on earth."

U.S. market share of worldwide arms sales

Dow Has Biggest Loss in 2 Years, Led by IBM

2005-04-15 14:20:52 by sloe-eyes

U.S. stocks tumbled, pushing the Dow Jones Industrial Average to its biggest drop in almost two years, in a selloff sparked by International Business Machines Corp.'s disappointing earnings report.
Benchmark indexes had their steepest weekly declines since August, led by companies such as General Motors Corp. and Alcoa Inc., as well as IBM.
``The significance of IBM is more than just technology -- in the eyes of the market, it's indicative of the slowing economy,'' said Christopher Sheldon, who helps manage $76 billion as director of investment strategy at Mellon Private Wealth Management in Boston.
Losses circled the globe amid renewed concern that demand in the world's largest economy may be waning. The Dow average slid 191.24, or 1.9 percent, to 10,087.51, its...

Housing Market Double Dip called a sure thing

2010-06-03 11:24:01 by CynicalShill

The news that pending sales of existing homes jumped by six percent, higher than the consensus estimate of five percent, helped push all of the major indices higher today. However, before people start to celebrate, it's important to remember that many factors helped boost sales of homes.
First, there was the pending expiration of the $8,000 tax credit for first time buyers and $6,500 tax credit for those who have bought homes previously. That incentive obviously caused a number of people to move their purchases forward. In fact, there are so many deals in the pipeline that the National Association of Realtors is pushing Congress to give buyers more time to get the deal completed.
The May and June numbers will likely see a big boost as well, since the tax credit doesn't...

The audacity!!!!!!!

2010-07-13 14:36:27 by WretchedRabbit

Goldman Sachs wants share of AIG's bailout money
Goldman Sachs executives David Viniar, right, and David Lehman, center, testify at a Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission hearing on the role of derivatives in the financial crisis. (Andrew Harrer/bloomberg News) Network NewsX Profile
By Marcy Gordon
Friday, July 2, 2010
A Goldman Sachs executive on Thursday told a panel examining the causes of the financial crisis that the company had no regrets about collecting billions of dollars in taxpayer money for correctly predicting the collapse of the U.S. housing market.
Goldman was entitled to be paid $12.9 billion out of the
$182 billion bailout that American International Group received in one of the largest federal rescues, and Goldman Chief Financial...

Hmm.. interesting market strategy.. ??

2004-04-19 06:59:03 by cmon

The other day I got a call from the Fraud Alert department at Citibank. When
I called, they informed me that my Citibank card had been compromised when
data was stolen from BJs (a big discount club like CostCo and Sam's). They
noted I had probably heard about this in the news (which I had).
They said they were cancelling my card for my protection, and issuing me a
new one. While I am a customer of BJs, I have never used my Citibank card
there. I exclusively use my Discover card. I asked how my credit card number
could be at BJs if I have never used it there. The service rep said that
maybe it was some other info that had been taken, such as my birth date,
SSN, etc. When I asked how issuing me a new card would protect me...

Revenue growth of SOFAZ in 2012 not to result in cost increase  — Trend.az
"An increase of oil prices forecast in the budget for 2012 to $100 automatically increases the revenues of the oil fund, because we're also counting on the basis of this price, whilst our expenditures remain the same," Movsumov said.

Signal and Image Processing with Neural Networks: A C++ Sourcebook
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CRC Press An Introduction to Neural Networks
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Irwin Professional Pub Neural Networks Finance and Investment: Using Artificial Intelligence to Improve Real-World Performance
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