Explanation based Neural Networks

Case Based Reasoning (CBR) vs Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)
Explanation-based Approach

The main similarity between Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Case Based Reasoning (CBR) is that both do not need an explicit model. Both CBR and ANN techniques do not have to go through the knowledge-acquisition bottleneck. ANN is essentially a data mining technique, which can work directly from the data.

But, the main criticism against ANN is that it works as a “Black Box”, so they suffer from a lack of transparency. Validity of the systems decision cannot be judged because of the nature of the inner workings, the output of the network is a function of weighted vectors that depends on the network's architecture and the learning mode used. So, it becomes very difficult to use ANN for diagnosis applications, as most of the diagnosis needs an explanation for the result obtained.

ANN are not suitable when background domain knowledge has to be taken into account, whereas in CBR domain knowledge can be incorporated in the form of knowledge-guided clustering. Neural networks cannot cope with complex structures and in order to perform well the coverage of the domain has to be exhaustive during the "learning" phase. CBR does not need an exhaustive coverage of the domain, as cases can be added to the case-base incrementally.

Source: Knowledge Engineering

Springer Explanation-Based Neural Network Learning: A Lifelong Learning Approach (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science)
Book (Springer)

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Was in Paris in April and I agree with the post

2005-05-25 16:26:56 by foie-gras

About Chocolate and Zucchini, you also might enjoy this link to an article she wrote that is also on her blog site I believe.
She is "spot-on" with the most up to date ideas on the Paris Food Scene. The Patricia Wells book is a classic, and will definitely give you some good ideas but some things are not current and she does tend to favor the pricier places[not that great for people changing dollars into euros right now]but I have also found her opinions and facts absolutely correct. You might also get some helpful info from this blog.. /
Also, when you get there, buy the "Guide Zurban" from any news kioske...it is only in French though, but if you can read a little French you can figure it out. It is a weekly guide to all that is fun and hip and happening in Paris that...

Yup.

2007-11-29 20:52:24 by experience_counts2

And FYI "I'm betting that..." is a common saying in English and it's pretty obvious from the usage that I was not soliciting wagers.
I _am_ betting that in my investments which is where it counts. I predicted it'd go over $3.00 a gallon when "common wisdom" said "Oh at $2.40 to $2.50 a gallon people will just stop buying it". I even traded my big 14mpg SUV for a little one when it hit $2.40 - I was that certain that it wasn't going to stop there.
Oil may be priced in dollars now but the cracks are starting to show and a lot of oil rich countries don't think much of us right now - or outright fear us. As the foreign investment drops off there is less restraining those nations from doing something crazy like start selling oil in Euros. There's even some incentive to tip the...

Asiya Investments Chief Economist Highlights Growing Power of Asian Economies  — Zawya
However, with the economic turmoil in Europe there has been a temporary pause in the shift from US Dollars to Euros - although together they still account for nearly 90 percent of the foreign exchange reserves held by central banks and governments.

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However, with the economic turmoil in Europe there has been a temporary pause in the shift from US Dollars to Euros - although together they still account for nearly 90 percent of the foreign exchange reserves held by central banks and governments.

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